A quick look at Wikipedia makes it quite clear that circle packing is an open question in mathematics, with only n<20 having efficient packings and many of those are merely conjectured.
My question is slightly different, but related and therefore probably cannot be "trivially" solved either, I just want to ask you guys before giving up on it.
Imagine you have a circle of diameter D and n circles of diameter d (all of these are known values). What is the most efficient packing of the smaller circles (d) at the bottom of the larger circle (D)?
To better understand the question, imagine you have a tube through which cables pass. The cables do not fully pack the tube and therefore have room to settle to the bottom of the tube, leaving empty space at the top. How does one find the most efficient packing of the cables within the tube, considering efficiency as "how low can the center of mass of the cables go?"