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Let $\mathcal{V}\stackrel{\pi_N}{\longrightarrow}N$ be a $V$-vector bundle on a smooth manifold $N$, let $D$ a connection on this bundle and let $f:M\rightarrow N$ be a smooth function. Then we can define the pullback bundle $f^*\mathcal{V}\stackrel{\pi_M}{\longrightarrow}M$ as the bundle given by all the elements of type $\{(p,v)|p\in M,\ \pi_N(v)=f(p)\}$ (with the obvious projection $\pi_M$). Now I have been told that $D$ induces a connection ${}^fD$ on the pullback bundle which is completely determined by the fact that if $\eta$ is a section of $\mathcal{V}\stackrel{\pi_N}{\longrightarrow}N$ and $v\in T_pM$, then


I have a feeling that it is not true, because there could be sections of $f^*\mathcal{V}\stackrel{\pi_M}{\longrightarrow}M$ that are not the pullback of any section of $\mathcal{V}\stackrel{\pi_N}{\longrightarrow}N$. Am I wrong or there is really something missing to describe completely ${}^fD$?

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There are certainly sections of $\mathcal{f*V}$ that aren't pullbacks of sections of $\mathcal{V}$ in general; you need to somehow express the the former in terms of the latter and extend the definition of the connection by linearity/product rule. –  Anthony Carapetis Aug 21 '13 at 0:37
You have a typo in the formula? All you need to determine the connection is what happens to local bases when you trivialize the bundle. If you can trivialize $\mathcal V$ over $U\subset N$, then you can trivialize $f^*\mathcal V$ over $f^{-1}(U)\subset M$. Right? –  Ted Shifrin Aug 21 '13 at 1:02
@TedShifrin Oh, so I just pull-back a local basis of $\mathcal{V}$ and use it as basis of the pullback bundle and work with that? If that's correct, please write your comment as an answer and I will accept it. –  Daniel Robert-Nicoud Aug 21 '13 at 11:19

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up vote 3 down vote accepted

The correct formula should be $\ {}^fD_v(f^*\eta) = D_{f_*v}\eta$. The connection is determined by what it does to a basis of sections on open sets over which the bundle is trivial. Of course, having a trivialization of $\mathcal V$ over $U\subset N$ gives a trivialization of $f^*\mathcal V$ over $f^{-1}(U)\subset M$.

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