I'm preparing for an exam and was solving a few sample questions when I got this question -
Factorize : $$(x+1)(x+2)(x+3)(x+6)- 3x^2$$ I don't really know where to start, but I expanded everything to get : $$x^4 + 12x^3 + 44x^2 + 72x + 36$$
I used rational roots test and Descartes rule of signs to get guesses for the roots. I tried them all and it appears that this polynomial has no rational roots.So, what should I do to factorize this polynomial ?
(I used wolfram alpha and got the factorization : $(x^2 + 4x + 6) (x^2 + 8x + 6)$ But can someone explain how to get there ?)