Dear reader of this post,
I have a question concerning the equivalence of two definitions of open subsets (in metric spaces). To avoid confusion, I will state the two definitions and then ask my questions.
The definition I found is: Given a metric space $X$ and let $S \subset Y \subset X$. $S$ is an open subset of $Y$ if $\forall p \in S, \exists r > 0 \ | \ d(p,q)<r, q \in X \rightarrow q \in S$. In contrast, I simply defined $S$ to be an open subset of $Y$ if it is open and a subset of $Y$. The two definition however seem (at least to me) to be quite different because for the set $S$ to be open one only considers whether $S$ consists solely of interior points or not. The first definition however checks the existence of a neighbourhood of $p$ such that all points which are element of the largest set $X$ are also part of the smallest set $S$.
I have the following questions in particular:
- Is it really true that the definition of a open subset is not a combination of two definitions of an open set and a subset?
- The part "$q \in X$" of the first definition appears a bit strange to me. Is it correct that we do not considers points in Y but instead of the larger set $X$? What is then an open subset if one considers two sets instead of three?
I am looking forward for your replies.