# If $x_{n+1}/x_n\to x$ and $x_n\nearrow+\infty$ then $\frac{x_1+\cdots+x_{n+1}}{x_1+\cdots+x_n} \to x$

So, here we go again, the sequence $x_n$ is increasing and $x_n\to\infty$ as $n\to\infty$, and also, $\lim\limits_{n\to\infty}\dfrac{x_{n+1}}{x_n}= x$ which is a real non zero number,

Prove that :

$$\lim\limits_{n\to\infty}\frac{x_1+\cdots+x_{n+1}}{x_1+\cdots+x_n} = x$$

I'm stuck again, I know why it says that [eventually] $x_n>A$ for every $A$, from that I got :

$$\frac{x_1+\cdots+x_{n+1}}{x_1+\cdots+x_n} -x\leq (n+1)\frac{x_{n+1}}{x_n} -x$$ for every $n>N$

$N$ is special though but I don't get anywhere from there so it doesn't matter. can anybody help?

-
doesnt anybody have any ideas? im really stuck with this one – Plom Jul 24 '13 at 1:50

Stolz-Cesaro says

Suppose $b_n$ is a sequence of strictly increasing numbers such that $b_n\nearrow +\infty$ and let $a_n$ be any sequence of real numbers. If $$\frac{a_{n+1}-a_n}{b_{n+1}-b_n}\to\ell$$ then $$\frac{a_n}{b_n}\to\ell$$

Now, let $$a_n=\sum_{k=1}^{n} x_k$$ $$b_n=\sum_{k=1}^{n-1} x_k$$

Then $$a_{n+1}-a_n=x_{n+1}\\ b_{n+1}-b_n=x_{n}$$

and $b_n\nearrow +\infty$, $b_n$ is strictly increasing.

For a proof, see here.

-
I also have a proof here: math.stackexchange.com/questions/324549/… – marty cohen Jul 24 '13 at 4:20
@Peter Tamaroff the theorem is not exactly the way you state it. – user 1618033 Jul 24 '13 at 17:00
@Chris'ssis There are many versions. – Pedro Tamaroff Jul 24 '13 at 17:13
Two versions of Stolz-Cesaro theorem are compared in this answer. – Martin Sleziak Jul 24 '13 at 17:21
@MartinSleziak Neat. – Pedro Tamaroff Jul 24 '13 at 17:44