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What's the difference between a bar chart and a histogram?

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Please see stattrek.com/AP-Statistics-1/Histogram.aspx –  Américo Tavares Sep 11 '10 at 19:23
    
@Americo Tavares: Thats what i have posted as an answer, adding an extra link. –  anonymous Sep 11 '10 at 19:24
    
Maybe more suitable at stats.stackexchange.com? –  KennyTM Sep 11 '10 at 19:29
    
@Chandru1: I realized that but I started writting my comment when there was no answer. –  Américo Tavares Sep 11 '10 at 19:30
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2 Answers

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With bar charts, each column represents a group defined by a categorical variable; and with histograms, each column represents a group defined by a quantitative variable.

See this link: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_the_difference_between_Bar_chart_and_a_frequency_histogram

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I disagree with wiki answers, which although it's partially correct, completely misses the main point. The heights in a bar chart represent counts. You can use a bar chart for this purpose with categorical data or with binned "continuous" variates; either is fine. The areas in a histogram represent relative frequencies or proportions per unit value of a continuous variate. A histogram thus is a discrete approximation to a frequency or probability density function, whereas a bar chart has no such meaning (except accidentally when it's really serving as a histogram!). The distinction comes to the fore when the bars in a histogram have varying widths.

Reference: Freedman, Pisani, Purves, Statistics. (Any of the first through fifth editions should be fine.)

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