A SAT instance in CNF with $n$ variables has at most $2^n$ resolvents, therefore the resolution method is not in polynomial time.
Considering a 3-SAT instance, we have at most $n^3 + n^2 + n$ many resolvents. Therefore, we can decide 3-SAT in polynomial time by resolution.
I am sure, my second statement is wrong, because otherwise we would have $P = NP$. But I can not see my mistake. Can someone bring clarification here?