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I frequently hear comments from people to the effect that "Studies have shown that students who take (intro) logic courses don't show any signs of improvement in logical/rational/critical thinking." Yet, as an undergrad, I got the opposite impression: I felt that studying logic (and mathematics) in more depth sharpened those skills. My initial Google search on the issue didn't really turn up much.

So, I have some questions regarding the psychology of logic and mathematics.

Question: What studies have been done regarding the effects/benefits to cognitive thinking skills from taking intro logic courses? What about studying probability theory, or even mathematics more generally? How conclusive are they?

Any references would be extremely helpful. I now teach intro logic as a grad student, and if there's something that students consistently miss out on, I would like to know about it so that I can (hopefully) make improvements.

(Also, I apologize if this is the wrong place to ask this question. Please let me know!)

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This question appears to be off-topic because it is about psychology. Try cogsci.stackexchange.com instead. –  Qiaochu Yuan Jun 28 '13 at 20:11
    
Okay, thanks for the pointer! –  Alex Kocurek Jun 28 '13 at 20:32
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closed as off-topic by Qiaochu Yuan, Potato, Asaf Karagila, Brian M. Scott, Austin Mohr Jun 28 '13 at 20:24

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