Mathematics Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for people studying math at any level and professionals in related fields. It's 100% free, no registration required.

Sign up
Here's how it works:
  1. Anybody can ask a question
  2. Anybody can answer
  3. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top

I want to evaluate this limit and I faced with one issue.
for this post I set $L`$ as L'Hôpital's rule $$\lim\limits_{x\to 0}\left(\frac{1+x\sin(2x)-\cos(x)}{\sin^2(x)}\right)$$ Solution One:
$$\lim\limits_{x\to 0}\left(\frac{1+x\sin(2x)-\cos(x)}{\sin^2(x)}\right)=\frac{0}{0}L`=\frac{\sin(2x)+2x\cos(2x)+\sin(x)}{\sin(2x)}$$ at this step I decided to evaluate each fraction so I get :
$$\lim\limits_{x\to 0}\frac{\sin(2x)}{\sin(2x)}+\frac{2x\cos(2x)}{\sin(2x)}+\frac{\sin(x)}{\sin(2x)} = \frac{3}{2}$$

Solution Two:
$$\lim\limits_{x\to 0}\left(\frac{1+x\sin(2x)-\cos(x)}{\sin^2(x)}\right)\frac{0}{0}L`=\frac{\sin(2x)+2x\cos(2x)+\sin(x)}{\sin(2x)}=\frac{0}{0}L`$$ $$\frac{2\cos(2x)+2\cos(2x)-4x\sin(2x)+\cos(x)}{2\cos(2x)}=\frac{5}{2}$$
I would like to get some idea where I did wrong, Thanks.

share|cite|improve this question
up vote 1 down vote accepted

As mentioned your first solution is incorrect. the reason is $$\displaystyle lim_{x\to0}\frac{2xcos(2x)}{sin(2x)}\neq 0$$ you can activate agin l'hospital: $$lim_{x\to0}\frac{2xcos(2x)}{sin(2x)}=lim_{x\to0}\frac{2cos(2x)-2xsin(2x)}{2cos(2x)}=lim_{x\to0} 1-2xtg(2x)=1+0=1$$, so now after we conclude this limit, in the first solution, i'd write after $$\lim\limits_{x\to 0}\left(\frac{1+x\sin(2x)-\cos(x)}{\sin^2(x)}\right)=\lim\limits_{x\to 0}\frac{\sin(2x)}{\sin(2x)}+\frac{2x\cos(2x)}{\sin(2x)}+\frac{\sin(x)}{\sin(2x)}$$ that the limit equals to $$ = 1+\frac 1 2+1=\frac 5 2$$ and that's the correct answer.

share|cite|improve this answer

Solution two is correct (the notation is a little strange though).

In your first limit when you say you'll "evaluate each fraction", what is the contribution of the middle fraction? I suspect that's where you've gone awry.

share|cite|improve this answer

Your Answer


By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.