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$$\displaystyle \int\frac{1}{(a+b\sin x)^4}dx,~~~~\text{and}~~~~\displaystyle \int\frac{1}{(a+b\cos x)^4}dx,$$

although i have tried using Trg. substution. but nothing get

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Use $u=\tan(x/2)$ substitution. – user72870 Jun 4 '13 at 10:23

Another method is the following: $$ \frac{1}{(a+b\cos x)^4} = -\frac{1}{6}\frac{\partial^3}{\partial a^3}\frac{1}{a+b\cos x} \\ \begin{align} \int\frac{\text{d}x}{(a+b\cos x)^4} & = -\frac16\int\frac{\partial^3}{\partial a^3}\frac{\text{d}x}{a+b\cos x} \\ & = -\frac16\frac{\partial^3}{\partial a^3}\int\frac{\text{d}x}{a+b\cos x} \end{align} $$ The resulting integral can be solved using "trying"'s answer to receive:

$$ \int\frac{\text{d}x}{(a+b\cos x)^4} = \frac 13\frac{\partial^3}{\partial a^3}\frac 1{\sqrt{b^2-a^2}}\text{artanh}\left[\frac{(a-b)}{\sqrt{b^2-a^2}}\tan\left(\frac x2\right)\right] + C $$

Following a similar process for the other integral yields

$$ \int\frac{\text{d}x}{(a+b\sin x)^4} = -\frac 13\frac{\partial^3}{\partial a^3}\frac1{\sqrt{a^2-b^2}}\arctan\left[\frac{a\tan(x/2)+b}{\sqrt{a^2-b^2}}\right] + C $$


If you're interested in how exactly you use the hint "trying" gave, the following gives an outline: $$ \int\frac{\text{d}x}{a+b\cos x} = \int\frac{\text{d}x}{a+b\left(\frac{1-\tan^2(x/2)}{1+\tan^2(x/2)}\right)} \\ \text{sub } v = \tan(x/2)\text{ and simplify} \\ \int\frac{\text{d}x}{a+b\left(\frac{1-\tan^2(x/2)}{1+\tan^2(x/2)}\right)} = 2\int\frac{\text{d}v}{(a-b)v^2+(a+b)} $$ The resulting integral can be solved using $\arctan(x) = \int\frac{\text{d}x}{x^2+1}$.

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Use $\sin(x)= \frac{2\tan\frac{x}{2}}{1 +\tan^2 \frac {x}{2}}$ and $\cos(x)= \frac{1-\tan ^{2}\frac{x}{2}}{1 +\tan^{2}\frac {x}{2}}$

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