I can think of the set of bounded, continuous functions from $\mathbb R \to \mathbb R$ as a group, with composition as addition of functions. In other words, this group has the rule that the composition of two elements in the group, $f(x)$ and $g(x)$, is their point-wise sum $f(x) + g(x)$. Since this set is path connected, the group is continuous, i.e. it is a lie group.
What is the lie algebra of this group?
I am trying to use this approach to find a relationship between Lie theory and Fourier series, but I realize this might not work. So I have decided to just ask the question in this form. If anyone knows of any connections between Lie theory and Fourier series however, I am interested to hear about that.
(I realize I may have made some wrong/poorly stated assertions, please point these out in comments)