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A simple question

is a (5x2)*(2x5) = a (5x5) matrix?

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Yes. ${}{}{}{}{}$ – Mariano Suárez-Alvarez May 2 '11 at 1:30
Yes, the matrix product $AB$ is defined when $A$ has dimensions $n\times m$ and $B$ has dimensions $m\times k$ for any integers $n,m,k$, and the resulting matrix will have dimensions $n\times k$. – matt May 2 '11 at 1:34
How about a (3X2) * (5X3) is this a 3x5?... this is my last question to finally understand this – edprog May 2 '11 at 1:44
@edprof: that product is not defined in that order (the dimensions $2$ and $5$ on the inside don't match). In the other order, it's $5 \times 2$. – Qiaochu Yuan May 2 '11 at 1:46

A matrix of order $m \times n$; where $m$ is the number of rows and $n$ the number of columns 'represents' a linear map that takes input from an $n-$ dimensional vector space and outputs in a $m-$ dimensional vector space. The rules of multiplying matrices comes from the fact that we want matrix multiplication to reflect the composition of two maps. Since, for composition of maps to work, the (space) for the output of the first map should coincide with the (space) of the input of the next map. Hence the rule that the column of one matrix should coincide with the row of the other.

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Yes.. the way that i learnt it, when a 5*2 matrix is mutiplied into a 2*5 matrix, the middle number get taken away, leaving only the outer numbers, so in this case, the twos get taken away, leaving only the fives..

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Yes, It is indeed a $5 \times 5$ matrix. For any matrix multiplication to be defined for some arbitrary matrices $A$ and $B$, $A$ could be a $m \times n$ and $B$ could be a $p \times q$, in this order, for the matrix multiplication to be defined. The amount of columns of matrix $A$ must equal the amount of rows of matrix $B$, (i.e., $n=p$).

So a $~\Rightarrow~$ $m \times n$ $\cdot$ $p \times q$ will result in a $m \times q$ matrix $\iff~~n=p$

$\underline{\text{Example:}}~~$ $3 \times 4$ $\cdot$ $4 \times 3$ = $3 \times 3$ matrix.

I hope that this helps out a bit.


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I'm sure you know this, but you don't need the number of rows in $A$ and the number of columns in $B$ to both be $m$... – matt May 2 '11 at 6:14
Yes, the answer as written is slightly misleading (personally, reading it, I wondered during some time if the product considered was BA...). I would suggest rephrasing. – Did May 2 '11 at 7:36
@Matt: Yes, indeed you are correct. I just arbitrarily came up with those notations off the top of my head. I can edit it if it is misleading to any. – night owl May 5 '11 at 4:27

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