If $P/A = R/K$, and $R < P$, then $R/K$ is in lower terms than $P/A$, so the latter cannot be lowest!
So, after discussion in the comments, it transpires that my definition and your definition of "lowest terms" are a bit different. So, here's a bit of work to show they're equivalent:
Definition: a fraction $a/b$ is in lowest terms if there do not exist $c$ and $d$ with $c < a$ and $d < b$ such that $a/b = c/d$.
Remark: of course if $c < a$ then $d < b$, so the "and" above can be replaced with "or".
Theorem: If $a/b$ is in lowest terms, their GCD is 1.
Proof: Otherwise you could cancel their GCD and get a smaller fraction.
Theorem: ("obvious" but still needs proving) For any given fraction $x/y$, there is a fraction in lowest terms equal to it.
Proof: If $x/y$ is in lowest terms, then that's your fraction. Suppose not. By definition, this means there exists $c$ and $d$ with $c < x, d < y$ and $x/y = c/d$. If $c/d$ is in lowest terms, stop. Otherwise, this means there exists an even smaller fraction. Continue in this way – eventually you must stop, because the numerators are getting smaller every time.
Theorem: If $x/y$ is not in lowest terms, then $x$ and $y$ have a common factor.
Proof: By the previous theorem, there is a fraction in lowest terms to which $x/y$ is equal, say $x/y = a/b$. Then $xb = ya$. So $a$ divides $xb$. But we know that the GCD of $a$ and $b$ is 1, so in fact $a$ divides $x$. Likewise, $b$ divides $y$. So $x = ka$ and $y = lb$, so $ka/lb = a/b$. But then $k/l = 1$, so $k = l$. So $k$ is a common factor of $x$ and $y$.