Take the 2-minute tour ×
Mathematics Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for people studying math at any level and professionals in related fields. It's 100% free, no registration required.

Let $f:\mathbb{Q}^+\to \mathbb{Q}^+,f(x)+f(1/x)=1 $ and $f(2x)=2f(f(x)),x\in \mathbb{Q}^+$, prove that $$f(x)=\dfrac{x}{x+1},x\in \mathbb{Q}^+$$ This Problem from my student.

share|improve this question
    
It might help to prove along the way that $f(x)=xf(1/x)$. –  A Walker Mar 14 '13 at 1:36

1 Answer 1

Some ideas:

$$\text{I}\;\;\;\;x=1\Longrightarrow f(1)+f\left(\frac{1}{1}\right)=2f(1)=1\Longrightarrow \color{red}{f(1)=\frac{1}{2}}$$

$$\text{II}\;\;\;\;\;\;\;\;f(2)=2f(f(1))=2f\left(\frac{1}{2}\right)$$

But we also know that

$$f(2)+f\left(\frac{1}{2}\right) =1$$

so from II we get

$$3f\left(\frac{1}{2}\right)=1\Longrightarrow \color{red}{f\left(\frac{1}{2}\right)=\frac{1}{3}}\;,\;\;\color{red}{f(2)=\frac{2}{3}}$$

and also:

$$ \frac{1}{2}=f(1)=f\left(2\cdot \frac{1}{2}\right)=2f\left(f\left(\frac{1}{2}\right)\right)=2f\left(\frac{1}{3}\right)\Longrightarrow \color{red}{f\left(\frac{1}{3}\right)=\frac{1}{4}}\;,\;\color{red}{f(3)=\frac{3}{4}}$$

One more step:

$$f(4)=f(2\cdot2)=2f(f(2))=2f\left(\frac{2}{3}\right)=2\cdot 2f\left(f\left(\frac{1}{3}\right)\right)=4f\left(\frac{1}{4}\right)$$

and thus:

$$1=f(4)+f\left(\frac{1}{4}\right)=5f\left(\frac{1}{4}\right)\Longrightarrow \color{red}{f\left(\frac{1}{4}\right)=\frac{1}{5}}\;,\;\;\color{red}{f(4)=\frac{4}{5}}$$

...and etc.

share|improve this answer

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.