Mathematics Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for people studying math at any level and professionals in related fields. It's 100% free, no registration required.

Sign up
Here's how it works:
  1. Anybody can ask a question
  2. Anybody can answer
  3. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top

I am teaching a class of 100 students that has 35 men and 65 women.
a.What proportion of the class are men? What proportion of the class are women? Show two different ways to calculate the proportion of seniors.

b.I randomly choose 10 students (with replacement) from the class. Calculate the probability that 8 of those students are women. List the equation, define the variables, and calculate the answer.

share|cite|improve this question
How to ask a homework question? Please be so kind as to show what you had attempted. Are you familiar with the concept of proportion? Stating what you know helps avoid unneeded work and helps to gear answers to your needs. – Sasha Feb 28 '13 at 21:14
Seniors? Where do seniors come into the question? – Gerry Myerson Feb 28 '13 at 21:41
Thanks for the advice Sasha. I'll keep it in mind. – user63036 Mar 2 '13 at 2:05
up vote 0 down vote accepted

What I would think about seniors, there are generally two ways of calculating them either directly, $ \frac{\#\{ \text{seniors}\} }{ \#\{ \text{Students}\}} $, or a second way using proportion of male and females in class

$$ \frac{\#\{ \text{seniors}\} }{ \#\{ \text{Students}\}} = \frac{\#\{ \text{male seniors}\} + \# \{ \text{female seniors}\} }{ \#\{ \text{Students}\}} = \\ \frac{\# \{\text{male} \}\times \# \{ \text{male seniors}\} }{ \# \{\text{male} \} \times \#\{ \text{Students}\}} +\frac{\# \{\text{female} \} \times \# \{ \text{female seniors}\} }{ \# \{\text{female} \} \times \#\{ \text{Students}\}} = \\ \text{proportion of males }\times \frac{ \# \{ \text{male seniors}\} }{ \# \{\text{male} \}} + \text{proportion of females} \times \frac{ \# \{ \text{female seniors}\} }{ \# \{\text{female} \}} = \\ \text{proportion of males in calss}\times \text{proportion of senior males within males} + \text{proportion of females in calss}\times \text{proportion of senior females within females} $$

Well, I guess this is a very detailed breakdown. Now for part b) Dylan Zhu has the correct interpretation.

share|cite|improve this answer
AWESOME!!! Thanks a lot!!! – user63036 Mar 2 '13 at 2:01

For question (a), i can just say that the second way of calculion is 1 minus the proportion of the other.

(b), the question can be solved using binomial distribution, the probability of choosing a woman is p, so the prob of man is 1-p, then we get the prob is, $$\binom{10}{8}p^8(1-p)^2$$

share|cite|improve this answer

Your Answer


By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.