In Dummit & Foote, page 131
Let $K$ be a conjugacy class and suppose that $K$ is subset of $A_n$ .
Show that if $\sigma$ belongs to $S_n$ then , $\sigma$ does not commute with any odd permutation if and only if the cycle type of consists of distinct odd integers.
Deduce that $K$ is a union of two -conjugacy classes in $A_n$ if and only if the cycle type of an element of $K$ consists of distinct odd integers.
[Hint: Assume first that $\sigma$ belongs to $S_n$ does not commute with any odd permutation. Observe that $\sigma$ commutes with each cycle in its own cycle decomposition, so that each cycle must have odd length. If two cycles have the same odd length , find a product of transpositions which interchanges them and commutes with $\sigma$ . Conversely, if the cycle type of $\sigma$ consists of distinct integers, prove that $\sigma$ commutes only with the subgroup generated by the cycles in its cycle decomposition.]
the exercise number 21 , i uesed the hints to prove that the cycles of cycle decomposition of $\sigma $ must be of odd length , but i don't know how to prove that the cycle type is distinct .
the text said find transposition which interchanges them and commute $\sigma$ ,
my question is , interchange what ?!!!
what does this mean ?
can anyone help ?