Interpolation polynomial

Consider the following table of values for a function $j_0(x)$:

$\begin{array}{c|ccccc} x & \delta_0(x) \\ \hline 0.0&1.00000\\0.1&.99833\\0.2&.99335\\0.3&.98507\\0.4&.97355\\0.5&.95885\\0.6&.94107\\0.7&.92031\\0.8&.89670\\0.9&.87036\\1.0&.84147\\1.1&.81019\\1.2&.77670\\1.3&.74120 \end{array}$

What should be the maximum degree of polynomial interpolation used with the table?

I know that I must use the forward difference table so that I can detect the influence of the rounding errors. From that, do I find the polynomial by using $$f[x_0,...,x_n]=\frac{\triangle^nf(x_0)}{n!h^n}$$ where $\triangle f(x)=f(x+h)-f(x)$ and $h$ is the step length? Or do I use newton divided difference? Confused on how I can solve this.

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If there are no errors, interpolation is the way to go. The forward differences tell you the right degree, but in practice you'd use Newton interpolation (as you have equally spaced data). If there are errors, you'd get the form right and use least squares to get parameters. – vonbrand Feb 4 '13 at 2:37
@vonbrand Can you elaborate a little more please? – user60514 Feb 4 '13 at 3:34
No errors? Use <nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-KANPUR/…; (just a fast Google search away, didn't look very closely; in this case the Wikipedia article is no real help). – vonbrand Feb 4 '13 at 3:39
@vonbrand Thanks but that link you gave me says "Not Found" – user60514 Feb 4 '13 at 3:46

To use the Wolfram formulae: In your case, $n=14$, $\{x_1, x_2, \ldots, x_n\} = \{0.0, 0.1, \ldots, 1.3\}$, and $\{y_1, y_2, \ldots, y_n\} = \{1.00000, 0.99833, \ldots, 0.74120\}$. But you can probably find some software to do the fitting for you. For example, you can use the "Fit" function in Mathematica. http://reference.wolfram.com/mathematica/ref/Fit.html
You can do it in Excel, too. Look up the "Add Trendline" function. The function $y = -0.0008x^5 + 0.0096x^4 - 0.0009x^3 - 0.1664x^2 - 0.00002x + 1$ gives a maximum error of $0.00003$.
So, on the mathematica site you gave where it says "$data = \{\{0, 1\}, \{1, 0\}, \{3, 2\}, \{5, 4\}\};$ the x side is the left and y on the right. So I plug my points there? – user60514 Feb 4 '13 at 7:06
And is $y = -0.0008x^5 + 0.0096x^4 - 0.0009x^3 - 0.1664x^2 - 0.00002x + 1$ from my data? – user60514 Feb 4 '13 at 8:13