# A small question on fourier series

Why the series is divergent, but the equation holds? $$\sum\limits_{i=1}^{\infty }{\sin kx}=\frac{1}{2}\cot \left( \frac{x}{2} \right)$$

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This question is incorrect. What kind of equality is this? Approximately everywhere, in distributions, pointwise? – Norbert Feb 2 '13 at 10:41
The LHS is defined on $2\pi\mathbb{Z}$ while the RHS isn't! – Mercy King Feb 2 '13 at 12:37

@vonbrand: The Fourier series is not necessarily convergent at individual points; rather, it converges with respect to the $L^2(-\pi,\pi)$ metric. So even though a Fourier series representing a function does converge, the FS representing the derivative of that function is not guaranteed to converge. So there are additional conditions on the function, i.e., the piecewise continuity of the original function. See, for example, tutorial.math.lamar.edu/Classes/DE/… – Ron Gordon Feb 2 '13 at 17:15