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The Open Mapping Theorem says that a linear continuous surjection between Banach spaces is an open mapping. I am writing some lecture notes on the Open Mapping Theorem. I guess it would be nice to have some counterexamples. After all, how can you appreciate it's meaning without a nice counterexample showing how the conclusion could fail and why the conclusion is not obvious at all.

Let $\ell^1 \subset \mathbb{R}^\infty$ be the set of sequences $(a_1, a_2, \dotsc)$, such that $\sum |a_j| < \infty$. If we consider the $\ell^1$ norm $\|\cdot\|_1$ and the supremum norm $\|\cdot\|_s$, then, $(\ell^1, \|\cdot\|_1)$ is complete, while $(\ell^1, \|\cdot\|_s)$ is not complete.

In this case, the identity $$ \begin{array}{rrcl} \mathrm{id}:& (\ell^1, \|\cdot\|_1)& \to &(\ell^1, \|\cdot\|_s) \\ & x & \mapsto & x \end{array} $$ is a continuous bijection but it is not open.

I want a counterexample in the opposite direction. That is, I want a linear continuous bijection $T: E \to F$ between normed spaces $E$ and $F$ such that $F$ is Banach but $T$ is not open. This is equivalent to finding a vector space $E$ with non-equivalent norms $\|\cdot\|_c$ and $\|\cdot\|_n$, such that $E$ is complete when considered the norm $\|\cdot\|_c$, and such that $$ \|\cdot\|_c \leq \|\cdot\|_n. $$ The Open Mapping Theorem implies that $\|\cdot\|_n$ is not complete.

So, is anyone aware of such a counterexample?

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See this post on MO. –  David Mitra Jan 31 '13 at 21:22
@DavidMitra: Thank you! I didn't think it would be on MO... Not only it was answered there... in the MO the question is much better written as well! ;-) –  André Caldas Jan 31 '13 at 21:32

1 Answer 1

up vote 1 down vote accepted

Solution is given on MO.

Thanks to David Mitra who pointed out this in a comment.

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