A chemical solution contains N molecules of type A and M molecules of type B. An irreversible reaction occurs between type A and type B molecules in which they bond to form a new compound AB. Suppose that in any small time interval of length h, any particular unbounded A molecule will react to any particular unbounded B molecule with probability theta * h + o(h) where theta is a reaction rate. Let X(t) denote the number of unbounded A molecules at time t. Model X(t) as a pure death process by specifying parameters.
The answer is k * ( M - (N-k) ) * theta for k = 0, 1, 2, ... , N
I am unsure about what the expression k * ( M - (N-k) ) represents and would appreciate if someone could explain the rationale behind it to me. The way I approached this question was I took k to represent the number of A molecules remaining. If we want P (X(t) = k), it is equivalent to saying N - k molecules died. If you subtract that from M, that is the remaining number of B molecules remaining to react with. Thus, multiplying that by theta should give you the rate. However, the solution does not match my rationale and adds in a k.
Thanks for the help!