# Question on limit: $\lim_{x\to 0}\large \frac{\sin^2{x^{2}}}{x^{2}}$

How would I solve the following trig equations?

$$\lim_{x\to 0}\frac{\sin^2{x^{2}}}{x^{2}}$$

I am thinking the limit would be zero but I am not sure.

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use l'Hospital's rule you should see en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L%27H%C3%B4pital%27s_rule –  Maisam Hedyelloo Jan 28 '13 at 3:40

We use $\;\sin^2(x^2) = (\sin x^2)(\sin x^2)$

$$\lim_{x\to 0}\frac{\sin^2(x^2)}{x^2}\;=\;\lim_{x \to 0}\; (\sin x^2) \frac{\sin x^2}{x^2} = \lim_{x\to 0} \sin x^2 \cdot 1 = 0$$

Recall, we're also using the fact that $\lim_{t \to 0} \dfrac{\sin t}{t} = 1$. Here, $t = x^2$.

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I see so basically to solve you factor out sin^2? –  Fernando Martinez Jan 28 '13 at 3:54
Yes, exactly: $\sin^2 x^2 = (\sin x^2) \cdot (\sin x^2)$ –  amWhy Jan 28 '13 at 3:56
It makes sense thanks –  Fernando Martinez Jan 28 '13 at 3:57
I understand it perfectly now. –  Fernando Martinez Jan 28 '13 at 4:15

I think you want $$\lim_{x\to 0}\frac{\sin^2 x^2}{x^2}.$$ Rewrite our function as $$\left(\sin x^2\right) \frac{\sin x^2}{x^2}.$$ Now is it easy? Yes, indeed the limit is $0$.

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thanks for the help. –  Fernando Martinez Jan 28 '13 at 3:54
You are welcome. I hope that soon you will have some knowledge of LaTeX, so that your questions may be easily understood. –  André Nicolas Jan 28 '13 at 3:57

$$\lim_{x\to 0} \frac{ \sin^{2} x^2}{x^2} = \lim_{t\to 0} \frac{\sin^2 t }{t}$$ which is equal to $$\lim_{t \to 0} \frac{\sin t \sin t \cdot t}{t\cdot t} = \lim _{t\to0} \frac{\sin t}{t} \lim _{t\to0} \frac{\sin t}{t} \lim _{t\to 0} t = 1\cdot 1 \cdot 0 =0$$

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+1, just add a line for let $t=x^2$ and don't bother multiplying by $\frac {t}{t}$, substitution should be more than enough, PS: this answer is the only one making use of substitution nicely. –  Arjang Jan 29 '13 at 11:33

Yet another solution, via the Sandwich theorem: We know that $|\sin x|\leq |x|$ for every $x$. Thus, whenever $x\neq 0$ we have $$0\leq\left|\frac{\sin^2(x^2)}{x^2}\right| = \frac{\left|\sin(x^2)\right|\cdot\left|\sin(x^2)\right|}{x^2} \leq \frac{x^2\cdot x^2}{x^2}=x^2 .$$ Now since $\lim_{x\to 0} x^2=\lim_{x\to 0}0=0$, the Sandwich rule gives that $\lim_{x\to 0}\frac{\sin^2(x^2)}{x^2}=0$.

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We use $$\sin^2 x =\frac{1-\cos 2x}{2}$$
$$\lim_{x\to 0}\frac{\sin^2 x^2}{x^2}.=\lim_{x\to 0} \frac {1-\cos 2x^2}{2x^2}=0$$