We have $2$ opaque bags, each containing $2$ balls. One bag has $2$ black balls and the other has a black ball and a white ball. You pick a bag at random and then pick one of the balls in that bag at random. When you look at the ball, it is black. You now pick the second ball from that same bag. What is the probability that this ball is also black?
I am constantly getting this question's answer wrong whenever I attempt it. So please tell me what I am doing wrong here ?
Let $U_1$ be the urn with two black balls and $U_2$ be the urn with one black and one white ball.
$P(U_1)$ : Probability of selecting $U_1 = 1/2$
$P(U_2)$ : Probability of selecting $U_2 = 1/2$
$P_1(B|B)$ : Probability of second draw is black, given the first draw from the same urn, $U_1$, is black = $1$
$P_2(B|B)$ : Probability of second draw is black, given the first draw from the same urn, $U_2$, is black = $0$
Then we have,
$P(U_1) * P_1(B|B) + P(U_2) * P_2(B|B) = 1/2$
But the answer is $2/3$, so what am I missing here ?