# Argument principle: number of zeroes of $f(z)=\cos(z)-1 +z^2/2$ in the unit disk

I am trying to work on this old qual exam.

Here is the question:

Find the number of roots (counting multiplicities) of the function $$f(z)=\cos(z)-1 + \frac{z^2}{2}$$ inside the domain $\vert z \vert <1$.

My work: I first thought of Rouché's theorem. But then I figured that $f(z)=z^4\left(\frac{1}{4!}-\frac{z^2}{6!}+\cdots\right)$. So $f(z)=z^4 g(z)$ for some analytic function $g(z)$ such that $g(0)\neq 0$. And then I used the argument principle to conclude that the number of zeroes is $4$. Is this correct?

Also, how do I know for sure that there are no other zeroes of $g$ inside the unit disk centered at $0$. Any hints? Thanks

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Since $f$ is analytic in the domain $D:=\{z:|z|<1\}$, the Argument Principle says that the number of zeros of $f$ in $D$ is given by $${1\over 2\pi i}\int_D {f'(z)\over f(z)}\,dz,$$ which we will compute via the Residue Theorem.
First, expanding about $z=0$, $${f'(z)\over f(z)}=\frac{4}{z}-\frac{z}{15}+\frac{z^3}{6300}+\frac{z^5}{189000}+\cdots,$$ so by the Residue Theorem, $${1\over 2\pi i}\int_D {f'(z)\over f(z)}\,dz=\text{Res}(f'(z)/f(z),0)=4.$$
Hence, $f(z)$ has 4 zeros (counting multiplicities) in $D$.
I still don't see how the last integral is equal to $8\pi i$. Can you please explain a little more?. Thanks. – Jack Dawkins Jan 9 '13 at 23:37
The earlier integral I computed with Mathematica without much thought and got $4$. Perhaps the revision is clearer. – JohnD Jan 10 '13 at 4:36
Why do you only take the residue at $0$ to calculate the integral? Don't all of the zeroes of $f$ need to be considered? – Bartek Feb 7 '13 at 0:48