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Please help me to solve the problem below.

Consider the polynomial $p(x) = a_0 + a_1x + a_2x^2+\dots+ a_nx^n$, with real coefficients.
Pick out the case(s) which ensure that the polynomial $p(\cdot)$ has a root in the interval $[0, 1]$.

(a) $a_0 < 0$ and $a_0 + a_1 +\dots+ a_n > 0$.
(b) $a_0 +a_1/2+ \dots +a_n/(n + 1)= 0$.
(c)$\frac{a_0}{1.2}+\frac{a_1}{2.3}+ \dots+\frac{a_n}{(n + 1)(n + 2)}= 0$.


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What are your thoughts on the problem? What have you tried, and where are you stuck? Also, if this is homework, consider using the "homework" tag too. –  Antonio Vargas Jan 4 '13 at 14:17
    
no idea at all.how can i proceed –  user55172 Jan 4 '13 at 14:24
    
Do you know results which might help, like the intermediate value theorem and Rolle's theorem? –  Antonio Vargas Jan 4 '13 at 14:26
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1 Answer

(b)

$q(x)$ = $a_0 \cdot x +a_1\cdot \frac{x^2}{2} +....+a_n\cdot\frac{x^n+1}{n + 1} $

$q(0)=0=q(1)$ then by rolles theorem $ \implies p(x) = 0$ ( $p(x)$ is the derivative of $q(x)$)

similar you can approach (c) also

(a)

$p(0) =a_0 < 0$ and $p(1)>0$ then use intermediate value theorem

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I think you mean intermediate value theorem for part (a). –  Antonio Vargas Jan 4 '13 at 14:37
    
@AntonioVargas sorry for the mistake i have corrected it –  jim Jan 4 '13 at 14:45
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