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Find the distinct natural numbers $a,b​​,c,d$ who satisfying $ab=cd=a+b+c+d-3$.

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Please consider reading how to properly post homework question here meta.math.stackexchange.com/questions/1803/… –  haunted85 Dec 28 '12 at 19:26
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(2,6) and (3,4) are one possibility –  cheepychappy Dec 28 '12 at 19:52
    
$(1,1,1,1)$, $(3,3,3,3)$, $(2,6,3,4)$ are some examples. –  user17762 Dec 28 '12 at 20:10
    
What about playing around with the divisors of an abundant number ? –  Rustyn Dec 28 '12 at 20:29

2 Answers 2

up vote 5 down vote accepted

Assume $a$ is the largest number among $a,b,c,d$; then $(a-1)b=a+c+d-3$

$$b=(a+c+d-3)/(a-1)<(a+a+a-3)/(a-1)=3$$ Hence, $b=1$ or $b=2$.

If $b=1$, then $a=a+1+c+d-3$. This implies $c+d=2$. Not the ideal pair.

If $b=2$, then $2a=a+2+c+d-3$. This implies $a=c+d-1$.

$$cd=ab=(c+d-1) \times 2$$ Hence, $$(c-2)(d-2)=2$$

Note that $c$ and $d$ are natural numbers.

Hence, $c-2 d-2$ is either $(-1,-2)$ or $(1,2)$. Only $(1,2)$ is the pair we want.

Hence, putting all this together, we get that $$a = 6, b=2, c=3, d= 4$$

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distinct natural numbers means they are four different numbers? –  cloned Dec 31 '12 at 20:37

Find natural numbers $(a,b)$ such that:

$c$ = $\dfrac{1}{2}(a b-\sqrt{(a b-a-b+3)^2-4 a b)}-a-b+3 )$
and $d$ = $\dfrac{1}{2}$ $(a b+\sqrt{(a b-a-b+3)^2-4 a b)}-a-b+3)$

are natural numbers.

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