# Intuition for a simple conversion

I was working on a scheme in cryptography and came up with the following scenario.

To put it in proper words.

1. We have an element $\frac{1}{x+m}$.
2. The 2 elements $x$ and $x_1$ are known.
3. We want to transform $\frac{1}{x+m}$ to $\frac{1}{x_1+m}$. I.e, we need a $k$ such that $\frac{k}{x+m} = \frac{1}{x1+m}$.

You can consider $x, x_1, m$ to be elements of $\mathbb Z_p^\ast$. You can introduce any extra dummy variables if you want for the conversion. It'd be of great of help if you can give me an idea with this.

Thanks!

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What does "convert" mean? Do you know what $x$ and $x_1$ are to begin with? You seem to imply this when you say "Given $x,x_1$". But if so, it's trivial: given $y=\frac{1}{x+m}$, take $1/(\frac{1}{y}-x+x_1)$. – Arturo Magidin Mar 13 '11 at 5:10
Sorry about being un-clear. Thanks for pointing out. I have edited the question to a better form. – bala maverick Mar 13 '11 at 5:18

You are given $y=\frac{1}{x+m}$. Then $\frac{1}{y}= x+m$, and $x_1+m = \frac{1}{y}-x+x_1$.
So $$\frac{1}{x_1+m} = \frac{y}{1-y(x-x_1)}.$$
Therefore, simply set $$k = \frac{1}{1-y(x-x_1)},\quad \text{where}\quad y = \frac{1}{1+m},$$ which can be done since you know $x$, $x_1$, and $y$.