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Does there exist an explicit formula for the sum of the series $$ \sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{1}{n^2-z^2}? $$

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Yes (the question is often asked here). See for example this. –  Raymond Manzoni Dec 19 '12 at 20:42
    
That's very nice, many thanks! (The answer is accepted, so I hope it contains a correct proof.) –  deltuva Dec 19 '12 at 20:45
    
Thanks, of course Eric's answer is correct? Another link with links... –  Raymond Manzoni Dec 19 '12 at 20:46

3 Answers 3

up vote 1 down vote accepted

Equation $(18)$ on this page states that $$\pi \cot(\pi z)=\frac{1}{z}+2z\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{1}{z^2-n^2}.$$

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This answer handles precisely this question by showing that the Cauchy Principal Value of $$ \sum_{k\in\mathbb{Z}}\frac1{k+z}=\pi\cot(\pi z) $$ and derives an explicit value for $\displaystyle\sum_{k=1}^\infty\frac{1}{k^2-z^2}$ in $(9)$.

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Yes, there does. Of course the sum is not defined if $z$ is a nonzero integer.

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