# Norm of a linear functional f

Can someone help me with this one?

What is the norm of this functional on $l^2$?

$$f(x) = \sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{3^n\cdot x_n}{\sqrt{(n+1)!}}, \qquad x=(x_1,x_2,\ldots)\in l^2.$$

It is easy to see this functional is bounded ($\|f(x)\|\leq \sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{3^n}{\sqrt{(n+1)!}} \|x_n\|$ and the series converges).

But I can't compute the exact norm. Any help appreciated.

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What are your spaces? $\|f\| = \sup \{ |f(x)|: \|x\|=1\}.$ –  user29999 Dec 11 '12 at 17:28
Is your functional $f: l² \rigtharrow l²?$ –  user29999 Dec 11 '12 at 17:31
I changed $||x||$ to $\|x\|$. –  Michael Hardy Dec 11 '12 at 19:54
@MichaelHardy, could you please take a look at math.stackexchange.com/questions/256079/… Nobody really knows what to do with this guy. From your "activity" you may have been asleep. –  Will Jagy Dec 11 '12 at 21:57

This functional is of the form $f(x) = \langle u,x \rangle$, where $u \in \ell^2$. What is $u$? What happens if you take $x = u$?
As dual of $l²$ is $l²$, for this make sense we have that $\Bigl(\frac{3^n}{\sqrt{(n+1)!}}\Bigr)_{n=1}^{\infty} \in l^2$. Then the norm of this functional is $$\| \Bigl(\frac{3^n}{\sqrt{(n+1)!}}\Bigr)_{n=1}^{\infty} \|_{l²} = \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{3^{2n}}{(n+1)!} = \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{9^{n}}{(n+1)!}.$$
How can you see easily that $\|f(x)\|\leq \sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{3^n}{\sqrt{(n+1)!}} \|x_n\|$? What are the norms $\| \cdot \|$? If your norm for $x = (x_1, x_2, \cdots ) \in l^2$ is $\|x\|_{l^2}$ your estimate is wrong. if your functional is from $l²$ then your funcional is $f(x) = \langle x,\Bigl(\frac{3^n}{\sqrt{(n+1)!}}\Bigr)_{n=1}^{\infty} \rangle_{l²}$ and its norm is $\| \Bigl(\frac{3^n}{\sqrt{(n+1)!}}\Bigr)_{n=1}^{\infty} \|_{l²}$. –  user29999 Dec 12 '12 at 16:15