are you enrolled in UofCalgary PMAT 423? I have the same question as you.
(=>) this is what I was thinking as well. Just remember that we're supposed to show that γ is perpendicular to the principal normal of γ, not to γ". Use γ" = kn (not N which is the standard unit normal of the surface).
(<=) here we have to use the idea that the principal normal of γ is perpendicular to γ at every point on γ. Since kn = t' = γ", where k is the curvature of γ (not the surface), this implies γ" is perpendicular to γ at every point which then implies γ" is perpendicular to γ'. A property of the cross product is that if A x B = C then C is perpendicular to A and to B so (N x γ') is perpendicular to γ'. Since Y' is perpendicular to γ" and γ" is parallel to N (because γ lies on the surface) then (N x γ') must be perpendicular to γ" as well. From this we get γ" • (N x γ') = 0 = kg. Since the geodesic curvature equals 0, then the surface must be geodesic.
I think this is the correct way to do this question but it both directions just seems too simple. If you have any ideas I'd love to here it.