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Per image below, how does A transform into B? I'm referring to specifically, how Px,y(x,z-x) turns into px(x)py(z-x) Thanks a lot for looking over my newbie question!

enter image description here

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up vote 1 down vote accepted

The problem statement is incomplete. The problem should have specified as an assumption that $X$ and $Y$ are independent. For independent random variables $X$ and $Y$, we have $$\Pr((X,Y)=(a,b))=\Pr(X=a)\Pr(Y=b).$$ That is what is being used to get from A to B.

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thanks a lot!!! – user1486802 Dec 1 '12 at 23:02

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