A deck of cards is shuffled and the cards are then turned over one at a time until the first ace appears. Given that the first ace is the 20th card to appear, what is the conditional prob that the card following it is a) the ace of spades and b) the two of clubs?
I can do both parts easily - but I tried it another way and can't get the correct answer. So my first way I used the definition $P(E|F) = P(EF)/P(F)$ Let $E$ be the event that the 21st card is the ace of spades, $H$ the event that the 20th card is the first ace and $F$ the event that the 20th card is the ace of spades.
So for the second way let$$P(E|H) = P(E|FH)P(F|H) + P(E|F^cH)P(F^c|H)$$ The first term here is $0$ and so we need only consider the second term.
I said $P(E|F^cH) = (48C19)(3C1)(1C1)(31!)/(52!),$ i.e the first 19 cards have to not be any aces $(48C19)$, the 20th card has to be an ace but not the ace of spades,$(3C1)$, the 21st card is ace of spades (1C1) and the rest can be any of the remaining cards.
Similarly, $P(F^c|H) = (48C19)(3C1)(32!)/(52!)$ Or would this simply be 3/4? My reasoning being you know the 20th card is an ace. So the probability of it being the ace of spades is 1/4 => not ace of spades with prob 3/4? Thanks