Really, the curve in question is the polar plot $ r = cos( K * \theta) $, where $K$ is any irrational number (I use $\pi$), but the transformation to a parametric one on $x$ and $y$ with domain $t$ is an unsurprising one.
It would appear that the curve is confined to the unit circle, and also that it never repeats -- that it is aperiodic.
Given these three things
- The domain of the function is any real number
- The range of the function is confined to a finite space
- The function is aperiodic
Does it mean that the unit circle is completely filled for this parametric function from negative infinity to infinity?
Can we say that for any given point in the unit circle, there is a number for $t$ where the curve intersects it?
I want to say no. I really do. My intuition says so. But why?
Are there any other curves with the three bullet pointed conditions above that can be shown to be more clearly non-space-filling?
What is the appropriate mathematical term for the way thi curve acts on the unit circle?