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The function $f(z)=\exp(\exp(z))$ on the domain $U=\{z=x+iy:-\pi/2<y<\pi/2\}$. Why $|f|=1$ on the boundary of $U$?

$$ |f(x\pm i\pi/2)|=\left|\exp(\exp(x\pm i\pi/2))\right| $$ I don't know why it is 1?

Based on Harald's hint, I want to prove $e^{x\pm i\pi/2}$ is imaginary. $$ e^{x\pm i\pi/2}=e^x[\cos(\pi/2)\pm i\sin(\pi/2)]=\pm ie^x. $$

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If $x$ is real then $x+\pi/2$ is not on the boundary. – Did Nov 26 '12 at 7:28
There was an obvious misprint in the question (missing $i$ in some places). I fixed that, and also replaced $+$ by $\pm$ to accomodate both components of the boundary. – Harald Hanche-Olsen Nov 26 '12 at 7:30
Thank you, Harald. – Sam Nov 26 '12 at 7:34
up vote 2 down vote accepted

First, $\lvert e^w\rvert=1$ if and only if $w$ is imaginary. It follows that you need to show that $\exp(x\pm i\pi/2)$ is imaginary for any real $x$. As this smells a bit like homework, I am going to let you finish it on your own.

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Thank you, Harald, I got it. You hint is very helpful. – Sam Nov 26 '12 at 7:38
@Harald : The smell of homework... it stinks, doesn't it? :P – Patrick Da Silva Nov 26 '12 at 8:39
@PatrickDaSilva: I would choose kinder words. We were all beginners once. – Harald Hanche-Olsen Nov 28 '12 at 12:04
@Harald : Oh, it could've sounded mean, but I assure you it was just a joke. More like "Don't we all hate homework in general?" than "Don't we hate MSE people asking for homework?" – Patrick Da Silva Nov 28 '12 at 14:08

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