There are restrictions on the values of a cyclotomic polynomial evaluated at an integer that are reminiscent of the restrictions on the number of Sylow groups of a group. So I'd like to know if there is a connection.
Does the value of a cyclotomic polynomial evaluated at an integer count something related to the properties of a certain group (for example, something related to its Sylow groups)?
For example, if $n_p$ is the number of $p$-Sylow groups of the group $G$ with $|G|=n=p^\alpha r$, then $n_p\equiv 1 \pmod p$. On the other hand, if $p | \Phi_n(x)$ and $p \not| n$, then $p\equiv 1 \pmod n$. Since the cyclotomic polynomial are closely related to the cyclic groups, their values might count something about the group.