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It is said that there is a proof of fundamental theorem of algebra using Lie Theory. I have seen this claim at various places. But I could never find such a proof. Can anybody help me out?

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By who? I've never heard anybody make this claim and it's far from clear to me what it could mean. And why is this tagged complex-analysis? –  Qiaochu Yuan Aug 12 '10 at 22:24
    
@Qiaochu: the claim sounds dimly familiar to me too, and I even thought that it had come up recently on MO. I looked there just now without success (but I am not very good at searching for things on MO...). –  Pete L. Clark Aug 12 '10 at 22:38
    
@Qiaochu: I wanted the tag complex-variables as Fun. Thm. is a theorem about complex numbers. But I am a new user and I cannot create tags; so I went for complex-analysis. –  user1119 Aug 12 '10 at 22:47

2 Answers 2

up vote 2 down vote accepted

The references can be found in the comments here:

http://mathoverflow.net/questions/34699/approaches-to-riemann-hypothesis-using-methods-outside-number-theory/34718#34718

For those who don't know it, the (well, a) Lie-theoretic proof of Fund. Thm. of Algbera due to Witt is on p. 245 of the book "Numbers" by Ebbinghaus et al. – KConrad Aug 6 at 4:44

Witt's Lie-theoretic proof of Fund. Thm. of Algbera seems to be Witt (Ernst), Über einen Satz von Ostrowski, Arch. Math. (Basel) 3, (1952). 334. – Chandan Singh Dalawat Aug 6 at 6:11

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There it is. If you found it by searching rather than sheer memory, would you mind divulging your methods? I have a tough time finding things on MO. –  Pete L. Clark Aug 12 '10 at 23:01
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Professor Clark: I remember vaguely that KConrad mentioned it, so it was easier to find. –  curious Aug 12 '10 at 23:07
    
I looked in page 245 of Ebbinghaus et. al. and the theorem is not there. A chapter/section name and number might have been more helpful. –  user1119 Aug 13 '10 at 1:32
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George: See p. 245 on Google Books! Here is the Lie-theoretic proof Dick Gross found as a graduate student: if R^n were a field for n > 2 then the Lie algebra of its (comm.) unit group would be trivial. Since R^n and its unit group would be n-dimensional connected and simply connected real Lie groups with trivial Lie algebra, the bijection between connected and simply connected real Lie groups and real Lie algebras makes the field R^n and its unit group isom., but one has torsion and the other doesn't (-1 is in a field of char. 0). So n is at most 2. –  KCd Aug 13 '10 at 3:49
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KCd: +x! To unpack a couple of statements: "if R^n were a degree n extension field R[x]/(p(x)=0 then (...) "; unit group is connected and, for n>2, simply connected because it is (R^n minus one point). –  T.. Aug 13 '10 at 6:23

Muad: Are you talking about this www.fc.up.pt/mp/jcsantos/PDF/artigos/FTA.pdf

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Thanks Chandru .. It could be the one, as it uses the exponential map. –  user1119 Aug 12 '10 at 22:45
    
@George S: Hey no problem! Please vote, for everyone –  anonymous Aug 12 '10 at 22:52
    
@Chandru1, @George: Removed discussion of an interesting, but clearly off-topic paper. –  Larry Wang Aug 14 '10 at 17:02

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