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Can anybody please help me to prove this..

Let $p$ greater than or equal to $1$, show that the space of all $p$-summable sequences is an inner product space if and only if $p=2$.

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Hint: Parallelogramm law, $e_1$, $e_2$. – martini Oct 18 '12 at 13:10
Hint: Prove that if $p=2$, the parallelogram law is satisfied. WHen $p\neq 2$ give a counter example to the parallelogram law . – Tomás Oct 18 '12 at 13:11
Suppose $\ell_p$ is an Hilbert space. So its satisfies the paralelogram law. Write down the formula of the parallelogram law and conclude that the formula is only true for all vector if $p=2$. – Tomás Oct 18 '12 at 13:15
This question gives more details on parallelogram law: Norms Induced by Inner Products and the Parallelogram Law – Martin Sleziak Oct 18 '12 at 13:15
I think the question is whether $\ell_p$ admits an inner product making $\ell_p$ to a Hilbert space. The corresponding norm doesn't have to be $\Vert\cdot\Vert_p$ (an equivalent norm would do). None of the comments above seems to answer this question. – user8268 Oct 18 '12 at 13:19
up vote 10 down vote accepted

Assuming we are working with the usual norm (as Op said in comments), suppose $\ell_{p}$ is an Hilbert space. So its must satisfy for all $u,v$: $$2||u||_{p}^2 + 2||v||_{p}^2 = ||u + v||_{p}^2 + ||u - v||_{p}^2$$.

As suggested by martini, take $u=e_{1}=(1,0,...,0,...)$ and $v=e_{2}=(0,1,0,...,0,...)$. Hence, by the last equality, we have $$4=2^{\frac{2}{p}}+2^{\frac{2}{p}}$$

Now you can solve the last inequality and verify that $p=2$.

On the other hand, if $p=2$, you can easily check that $\ell_{2}$ is a Hilbert space.

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