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My textbook exercise says yes, but I can't prove it.

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1 Answer 1

Yes, this is similar to a Hilbert matrix, and a clever trick does it: Note that the $(j,k)$ element is $a_{jk}=\int_0^1 x^{j+k-1}\,dx$, and so $$\sum_{j,k} a_{jk}\bar u_ju_k=\int_0^1\Bigl|\sum_j u_jx^j\Bigr|^2x\,dx\ge0.$$

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