let X be the surface of the earth for any two points on the earth surface. let d(a,b) be the least time needed to travel from a to b.is this the metric on X? kindly explain each step and logic, specially for these two axioms d(a,b)=0 iff a=b and triangle inequality.
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This will generally not be a metric since the condition of symmetry is not fulfilled: It usually takes a different time to travel from $a$ to $b$ than to travel from $b$ to $a$. (I know that because I live on a hill. :-)
The remaining conditions are fulfilled: