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I've two vectors $a = (a_1, a_2, a_3)$ and $b = (b_1, b_2, b_3)$. How to find transformation matrix for transform from a to b?

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You need some restrictions. For example if a=(0,0,0) and b is anything else, there's no possible transformation matrix. –  coffeemath Oct 9 '12 at 17:22

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Try the dyadic product $$ \mathbf{a b} \equiv \mathbf{a}\otimes\mathbf{b} \equiv \mathbf{a b}^\mathrm{T} = \begin{pmatrix} a_1 \\ a_2 \\ a_3 \end{pmatrix}\begin{pmatrix} b_1 & b_2 & b_3 \end{pmatrix} = \begin{pmatrix} a_1b_1 & a_1b_2 & a_1b_3 \\ a_2b_1 & a_2b_2 & a_2b_3 \\ a_3b_1 & a_3b_2 & a_3b_3 \end{pmatrix}. $$ Maybe you should include a normalization factor.

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and interchange a and b... –  draks ... Oct 9 '12 at 10:28

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