# What is the expected value of modified Dirichlet distribution? (integration problem)

It is easy to produce a random variable with Dirichlet distribution using Gamma variables with the same scale parameter. If:

$X_i \sim \text{Gamma}(\alpha_i, \beta)$

Then:

$\left(\frac{X_1}{\sum_j X_j},\; \ldots\; , \frac{X_n}{\sum_j X_j}\right) \sim \text{Dirichlet}(\alpha_1,\;\ldots\;,\alpha_n)$

Problem What happens if the scale parameters are not equal?

$X_i \sim \text{Gamma}(\alpha_i, \beta_i)$

Then what is the distribution this variable?

$\left(\frac{X_1}{\sum_j X_j},\; \ldots\; , \frac{X_n}{\sum_j X_j}\right) \sim \; ?$

For me it would be sufficient to know the expected value of this distribution.
I need a approximate closed algebraic formula that can be evaluated very very quickly by a computer.
Let's say approximation with accurancy of 0.01 is sufficient.
You can assume that:

$\alpha_i, \beta_i \in \mathbb{N}$

Note In short, the task is to find an approximation of this integral:

$f(\vec{\alpha}, \vec{\beta}) = \int_{\mathbb{R}^n_+} \;\frac{x_1}{\sum_j x_j} \cdot \prod_j \frac{\beta_j^{\alpha_j}}{\Gamma(\alpha_j)} x_j^{\alpha_j - 1} e^{-\beta_j x_j} \;\; dx_1\ldots dx_n$

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You can find a relatively simple expression for the pdf of $X_1+\cdots+X_n$ on p. 3 in web.njit.edu/~abdi/gamma.pdf – Shai Covo Feb 7 '11 at 21:44
Also, that pdf in the case of integer shape parameters is obtained in sciencedirect.com/… – Shai Covo Feb 7 '11 at 22:15
It is well known that sum of Gammas is a Gamma distributed as well, but it doesn't hel here – Łukasz Lew Feb 8 '11 at 11:11
$X_1+\cdots+X_n$ is Gamma distributed if all the scale parameters are equal. – Shai Covo Feb 8 '11 at 19:35
Indeed. Anyway the distribution of sum doesn't help as it is correlated with $X_1$ – Łukasz Lew Feb 9 '11 at 2:16