Take the 2-minute tour ×
Mathematics Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for people studying math at any level and professionals in related fields. It's 100% free, no registration required.

$$S\subseteq \mathbb{R}^N, U\subseteq \mathbb{R}^k, \phi\in C^1(U,\mathbb{R}^N) \ \text{ s.t.} \ \phi(U)=S.$$

$J_\psi$ is the Jacobian matrix. Let $V\subseteq\mathbb{R}^k$ be open, and let $\psi:V\to S$ a bijection so that $h:=\psi^{-1}\circ\phi\in C^1(U,V)$ and $h^{-1}=\phi^{-1}\circ\psi\in C^1(V,U)$

I'm trying to get to the end statement that $J_\psi(h(x))J_h(x)=J_\phi(x)$ for all $x\in U$.

I'm thinking along the lines of chain rules, but the notation is strange as it is. I think that $J_\phi(x)$ would be the values of $\phi$ with respect to the partial derivatives $x_i$, but it's sending me in circles.


share|improve this question
Don't be misled: the jacobian is a ttrick to express a linear operator as a matrix. Try thinking in terms of derivatives as linear operators, and apply the chain rule. –  Siminore Oct 6 '12 at 12:39
I don't quite follow. If we generalise, say $U\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ is open, $f:U\to \mathbb{R}^m, V\subset \mathbb{R}^m$ open and $g:V\to \mathbb{R}^k$ with $f(U)\subset V$. Letting $x\in U$, the definition of the chain rule is $$d(f\circ g)(x)=dg(f(x))\circ df(x)$$ But I still don't understand how that would fit into this notation. Are $\psi$ and $\phi$ the linear operators?! –  Ronan Oct 6 '12 at 12:51
If so, this leads to $$d(\phi\circ \psi)(x)=d\psi (\phi(x))\circ(d\phi(x))$$ If we can say that $d\psi$ is equal to $J_\psi$, and my brain is still undecided on that front, then $$d(\phi\circ \psi)(x)=J_\psi(\psi\circ h(x))\circ d(\psi\circ h(x))$$ Now, if we can expand, and again, not certain that we can: $$d(\phi\circ \psi)(x)=J_\psi(\psi\circ h(x))\circ J_\psi\circ J_h(x)$$ Someone please come along and tell me I'm wrong, this feels non-rigorous. –  Ronan Oct 6 '12 at 13:07

Your Answer


By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.