Can someone explain in complete detail with the appropriate convergence arguments of the Gibbs Phenomenon for Fourier Series? I know that the overshoot near a jump does not die out as the frequency increases, but approaches a finite limit. We derived the overshoot in an engineering class and there was a lot of hand-waving. I understand it but I would like to see a complete picture explained here for a general function $f(x)$ on a bounded domain.
Further, the Gibbs Phenomena doesn't occur for some other eigen function expansions like Chebyshev expansion etc. The explanation given in the class was again very crude. Again for these cases could someone explain in detail the connection to the Sturm-Liouville equation and which of these eigenfunction expansions lead to overshoot and which ones do not.