There's a counterexample with 8 teams: A, B, C, X, Y, Z, M, S
- S wins against M
- M wins against A, B, and C
- A wins against Y and Z
- B wins against Z and X
- C wins against X and Y
- X wins against M and A
- Y wins against M and B
- Z wins against M and C
- Everything else ties.
Teams ABCXYZ each win twice and lose twice for a score of $2\times0+3\times1+2\times3=9$.
Team M wins against ABC and loses to XYZS, for a score of $4\times0+0\times1+3\times3=9$.
Team S wins once and ties 6 times, for a score of $0\times 0+6\times1+1\times3=9$.
How I found this: First, for easier counting I changed the rules by subtracting $n-1$ points from each team such that ties give $0$ points, and wins and losses each $2$ and $-1$. That makes it easier to see which possible combinations of wins and losses add up to the same. Then I'm looking for a directed graph with no 2-loops such that the value of each node is the same.
Since there are as many wins as losses, in a counterexample there must be at least one team that win more times than they lose. But that team cannot possibly have less than $2$ points, so let's see which way we can make a node with value 2: They are: $1W+0L$, $2W+2L$, $3W+4L$ and so forth -- so if we have one of $1W+0L$ and $3W+4L$ the number of wins/losses add up right.
From there it was just a matter of puzzling out where to add $2W+2L$ nodes to the graph such that we don't need more than one match to take place between the same two teams.