Let me discuss an analogous situation with regard to convex polyhedra.
Archimedes, generalizing what are often called the Platonic Solids or the convex regular polyhedra (there are five of them), seems to have discovered 13 polyhedra with the property that the pattern of faces around each vertex was the same for every vertex of the polyhedron, and all of the faces of the polyhedron were regular polygons. I say seems to have done this because the manuscript that describes what he did is lost. Pappus who lived many years after Archimedes describes these polyhedra explicitly and mentions 13 convex solids. Years latter many artists and mathematicians talked about these polyhedra. Kepler explicitly mentions two infinite families of polyhedra which have this property: the prisms (consisting of two regular n-gons and n squares) and the anti-prisms (consisting of two regular n-gons and 2n equilateral triangles). Kepler purports to give a proof a proof that there 13 such solids (with at least two types of faces). I say purports because there are in fact 14 convex polyhedra which meet the local symmetry condition described above. The one Archimedes, Pappus, Kepler and others missed is often called the pseudo-rhombicuboctahedron. (Kepler created confusion in referring to 14 solids in a place other than where he gave his "proof.")
Many books to this day continue to talk about 13 Archimedean convex solids (other than the prisms and antiprisms). With the definition that Archimedes almost certainly had in mind this is wrong - there are 14 such solids. However, if one considers convex polyhedra with at least two regular polygons as faces, and where the symmetry group of the solid is transitive on the vertices (that is, the symmetry group can take any vertex to any other vertex) then there are only 13 such solids. However, almost certainly Archimedes had no knowledge of the idea of a symmetry group in the modern sense. Depending on whether one uses a local symmetry notion or a global symmetry notion there are either 14 or 13 such convex solids (aside from the prisms and antiprisms).
Branko Grünbaum has a nice article about this called "An enduring error."