# need help understanding Cauchy-Riemann criteria

I don't understand why both limits have to be equal in both directions. $$\lim_{ \Delta x \rightarrow 0} {\Delta u+i\Delta v \over \Delta x} |_{\Delta y = 0} = \lim_{\Delta y \rightarrow 0}{\Delta u+i\Delta v \over i\Delta y}|_{\Delta x = 0}$$

Shouldn't the limit shift in which direction $x ,y$ moves on?

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Think of an analogy with the existence of limit of a function of one real variable. You need both the left and right hand limit to exist and be equal to the value of the function at that point. This is because there are two directions of approaching the particular point. Now, in case of a function of one complex variable, you have directions of approach in $x$ and $y$ directions in the complex plane. So you need to consider both $x$ and $y$ limits.
It should be mentioned that $x$ and $y$ are both real so in this sense the LHS denotes when you're approaching the point in a direction parallel to the $x$-axis, whereas the RHS is when you're approaching along the $y$-axis. This gives the necessary case of Cauchy-Riemann by comparing real and imaginary parts, i.e we require $\partial u/\partial x=\partial v/\partial y$ and $\partial u/\partial y=-\partial v/\partial x$.