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Say $p$ and $\ell$ are distinct prime numbers.

Let $G$ be a pro-$p$-group which acts continuously on a finite-dimensional $\mathbb{Q}_\ell$-vector space $V$.

Assume that the action of $G$ on $V$ is unipotent, i.e. $\exists n$ such that $(\sigma - 1)^n = 0$ for all $\sigma \in G$.

Does it follow that the action of $G$ on $V$ is trivial?

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up vote 4 down vote accepted

Consider $f:G\to H=\text{GL}_n(\mathbf{Q}_\ell)$ continuous. Then $f(G)$ is a pro-$p$-group (as a quotient of $G$). On the other hand, $H$ has an open subgroup $U$ which is pro-$\ell$, namely $\text{GL}_n(\mathbf{Z}_\ell)$. It follows that $f(G)\cap U$ is both pro-$p$ and pro-$\ell$, hence trivial, so $f(G)$ is discrete, hence finite.

Now assume in addition that the action is unipotent. The unipotent group in $\text{GL}_n(\mathbf{Q}_\ell)$ is torsion-free. So $f(G)$ is torsion-free and finite, hence trivial.

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Thanks for the great answer! – Evariste Aug 20 '12 at 14:24

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