Two problems: When a countinuous bijection is a homeomorphism? Possible cardinalities of Hamel bases? [closed]

1. Let $X$ and $Y$ be topological spaces and let $f : X\rightarrow Y$ be a continuous bijection. Under which of the following conditions will $f$ be a homeomorphism?
(a) $X$ and $Y$ are complete metric spaces.
(b) $X$ and $Y$ are Banach spaces and $f$ is linear.
(c) $X$ is a compact topological space and $Y$ is Hausdorff.

2. Let $V$ be a complete normed linear space and let $B$ be a basis for $V$ as a vector space. Pick out the true statements:
(a) $B$ can be a finite set.
(b) $B$ can be a countably infinite set.
(c) If $B$ is infinite, then it must be an uncountable set.

-

closed as off-topic by Bookend, Tunk-Fey, Hakim, Davide Giraudo, arjafi♦Sep 8 '14 at 11:53

This question appears to be off-topic. The users who voted to close gave this specific reason:

• "This question is missing context or other details: Please improve the question by providing additional context, which ideally includes your thoughts on the problem and any attempts you have made to solve it. This information helps others identify where you have difficulties and helps them write answers appropriate to your experience level." – Bookend, Tunk-Fey, Hakim, Davide Giraudo, arjafi
If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

It would be helpful to know why you think this, along with whatever other work you may have done. It would also be helpful in the future to post different questions as different questions with descriptive titles. That way, people can locate similar questions more easily, instead of wading through a sea of "problem on topology" questions. – rschwieb Aug 9 '12 at 13:35
– Martin Sleziak Aug 9 '12 at 13:38
A continuous bijection from a complete metric space to a complete metric space is not necessarily a homeomorphism. There is, for instance, a continuous bijection from $\Bbb R$ to a space in the shape of figure $8$. (We may also desribe the latter as $S^1\vee S^1$.) – Dejan Govc Aug 9 '12 at 13:51
Bounded inverse theorem at Wikipedia – Martin Sleziak Aug 9 '12 at 13:51
@poton: when you have several unrelated questions, you should post them as separate questions. – tomasz Aug 9 '12 at 14:35

When you have several mostly unrelated questions, don't post them as one question.

• 1a. is false, because it is easy to see a continuous bijection between $\mathbf R$ and a figure-eight in $\mathbf R^2$, which are not homeomorphic at all.
• 1b. is true, because the open mapping theorem applies in this case, so a continuous linear bijection is open and hence homeomorphic
• 1c. is true, and is actually a basic result in general topology which can be found in many books as well as the internet, for example here.
• 2a. is obviously true ($\mathbf C$ is finite dimensional and complete...)
• 2b. is false, because a proper subspace of any normed space is closed nowhere dense, and the span of a countable subset of a normed space is the union of the spans of its finite subsets, so a countable union of closed nowhere dense sets, and hence not the entire space by Baire category theorem.
• 2c. is true because 2b. is false.
-
1. a) thanx to thomasz, for figure 8 counter example. so False.

b) true, by open mapping theorem. surjective maps are open.

c) continuous bijective map from compact space to Hausdorff space is homeomorphism, to prove this enough to show that $f$ is closed map, take a closed set $A$, then it is compact also (why?), consider its image $f(A)$ it is compact (why?), and compact subset of a Hausdorff space is closed (need proof?), so $f$ is closed map, so $f$ is homeomorphism.

2. (a) true, as you can take a finite dimensional space

(b) is false by Baire Category theorem.

(c) is true by Baire Category theorem.

-
$f(x)=x^3$ is a homeomorphism from $\mathbb R$ to $\mathbb R$ since $g(x)=\sqrt[3]{x}$ is continuous. – Martin Sleziak Aug 9 '12 at 13:54
oops sorry, I thought Diffeomorphism :P, ok I am thinking and changing my answer. – La Belle Noiseuse Aug 9 '12 at 13:56
For your 1. a), you can just take the map Dejan alluded to in the above comments. – M Turgeon Aug 9 '12 at 14:49