This is the exact problem from the worksheet. Now I understand that it is giving the parent function for $f(x)$. The only formula I know of for transformations is $y=f(x)\rightarrow y=af(bx+c)+d$ where:
$a$=vertical compression or expansion
$b$=horizontal compression or expansion
$c$=left or right(+=left, -=right)
$d$=up or down (+=up, -=down)
This is all the information I have for transformations. I have done a lot of them.
Edit: I solved the first two and now need a clearer explanation on $c$ and $d$. No answers please.