Let $R$ and $S$ be rings with unity $1_R$ and $1_S$ respectively. Let $\phi\colon R\to S$ be a ring homomorphism. Give an example of a non-zero $\phi$ such that $\phi(1_R)\neq 1_S$
In trying to find a non-zero $\phi$ I've done the following observation:
Since for $\forall r\in R$ $\phi(r) = \phi(r\times1_R) = \phi(r)\times\phi(1_R)$ we must have that $\phi(1_R)$ is an identity of $\phi(R)$ but not an identity of $S$. We must therefor construct a $\phi$ that is not onto and which have this property. I can't come up with any explicit example though, please help me.