# Evaluating the line integral of $F=\frac{-y}{x^2+y^2}i+\frac{x}{x^2+y^2}j$ along $0 \le t \le 2\pi$

Recently, I had an exam and in that I was asked to evaluate the line integral of the function $$F=\frac{-y}{x^2+y^2}i+\frac{x}{x^2+y^2}j$$ alongside the unit circle, $0 \le t \le 2\pi$ . Moreover, it was asked if this integral could be carried out with using Green's Theorem or not and why?

For the first, I did the following: $$\oint_C F\cdot dr=\int_0^{2\pi}F\big (\cos(t),\sin(t)\big)\cdot\big(-\sin(t),\cos(t)\big)dt$$ which is $2\pi$. But always I have problem with above theorem and I do know I didn't pass this part of question correctly. May I ask to help me? Thank you.

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Some years ago I taught a multivariable calculus course, and this very vector field was one of the stars of the whole show. You can see for instance $\S 5$ of these notes for an extended discussion of the fact that this vector field is irrotational -- i.e., has zero curl -- but is not conservative and in particular does not have a scalar potential function. Then, if you are feeling especially curious, you can go on to read the next section, which segues from this example to a discussion of De Rham cohomology and the problem that the main character in the film A Beautiful Mind writes on the blackboard in the multivariable calculus class attended by his future wife.
@PeteL.Clark, one question/aclaration: when you say "this vector field is irrotational yet not conservative...", you mean "in any domain containing the origin", otherwise $$\arctan\frac{y}{x}\,$$ is a potential. – DonAntonio Aug 6 '12 at 16:01